Structural racism in neuroimaging: perspectives and solutions

Macroaggressions and microaggressions in academic settings are not the only contributors to systemic racism in science. The technology we use to do our research is inadvertently racist and biased. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG), for example, require adherence between the optode or electrode and scalp to measure brain activity. Contact with the scalp to optimize high-quality signals is disproportionately harder to achieve in Black participants, who tend to have coarse hair textures and protective hairstyles.


Webb EK, Etter JA, Kwasa JA. Addressing racial and phenotype bias in human neuroscience methods. Nat Neurosci (in press).